2016 Chinese New Year falls on February 8. It is the Year of the Monkey according to Chinese zodiac. It will be a great chance to experience the traditional folk customs!
Time for Family Reunion
12 Chinese zodiac animal signsBeing one of the traditional festivals, it is the time for the whole families to reunite together, which is similar with Christmas Day to the westerners.
The Longest Public HolidayThe festival lasts for 15 days from the 1st to 15th day of the first lunar month, and in folklore it starts even earlier, from the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month. Most employees will have seven days off work, while students take one month absence from school.
Holiday Origins from Monster NianOriginating during the Shang Dynasty (17th - 11th century BC), the festival used to be observed to fight against the monster "Nian" who liked to eat children and livestock. The monster was afraid of red color and loud sound. Therefore, people decorated their houses in red and set off firecrackers to expel it.
A Festival for Families to Be Together
Chinese New Year's Reunion DinnerChinese New Year is a time for families to be together. Wherever they are, people come home to celebrate the festival with their families. The New Year's Eve dinner is called Reunion Dinner, and is believed to be the most important meal of the year. Big families – families of several generations sit around round tables and enjoy the food and time together. The importance of reunion during the Spring Festival has caused some difficult situations for China's increasingly women's lib. couples in recent years, who want to go to different homes for the festival. Divorce has happened because of disputes over going to whose home for the festival. (In the past a married couple would always go to the man's home unless the husband joined the wife's family at marriage.)
How Chinese New Year Is Celebrated Traditionally
Spring Festival HistoryThe Spring Festival has a history of more than 4,000 years. It is said that it originated from a belief in deities that had to be sacrificed to every year. When the solar terms changed, dictating farming activities, especially at the end of a year, people would sacrifice to the deities and pray for a good harvest.
Rarely Seen Cultural Activities to See
Chinese New Year lion danceMany cultural activities occur during the festival. Rural areas and small towns retain more traditional celebrations, such as setting off firecrackers, ancestor worship, and dragon dances. Setting off firecrackers and fireworks are common during the Spring Festival season all over China; dragon dances and ancestor worship less so in the city. At temple fairs in many Chinese cities traditional performances can be seen: dragon dances, lion dances, and performances representing palace events like an emperor's wedding. A great variety of traditional Chinese products are on offer there, and strange Chinese snacks, rarely seen the rest of the year. Beijing's temple fairs are held in parks from the first day of the lunar year to the Lantern Festival. In North China people perform various versions of the Rice Sprout Song (扭秧歌 Niǔyāng Gē /nyoh-yang ger/ ‘twist sprout song'), a traditional Chinese dance performed by a group of colorfully-dressed women and men.
Lucky Decorations Everywhere
Red lanterns hang in a park in BeijingEvery street, building, and house is decorated with red. “Red” is the main color for the festival, as it is believed to be an auspicious color. Red lanterns hang in streets; red couplets are pasted on doors; banks and official buildings are decorated with red New Year pictures depicting images of prosperity. As 2015 is the year of goat, decorations related to goats will be commonly seen. There are red goat dolls for children and New Year paintings with goats on. Read more on Chinese New Year Decorations.
Red Envelopes — the Most Popular GiftsLike Christmas in the West, people exchange gifts during the Spring Festival. The most common gifts are red envelopes. Red envelopes have money in, and are given to children and (retired) seniors. It is not a customs to give red envelopes to (working) adults. Read more on Chinese New Year Gift Ideas
Foods with Lucky Meanings Are Eaten
Chinese Dumplings is a must for Chinese New YearCertain foods are eaten during the festival because of their symbolic meanings, based on their names or appearance. Fish is a must for Chinese New Year as the Chinese word for fish (鱼 yú /yoo/) sounds like the word for surplus (余 yú). Eating fish is believed to bring a surplus of money and good luck in the coming year. Another traditional Chinese New Year food is Chinese dumplings. Because the shape of Chinese dumplings looks like silver ingot - a kind of ancient Chinese money, Chinese people believe eating dumplings during the New Year festival will bring more money and wealth for the coming year. Other New Year foodincludes spring rolls, glutinous rice cakes and Sweet Rice Balls.
A Season of Superstitions — How to be Lucky in 2015…
Chinese people believe that, as the Spring Festival is the start of a new year, what you do then will affect your luck in the coming year. There are many taboos for the Spring Festival season. These taboos usually apply up to a month before the festival and continue to the end of the festival (day 15, the Lantern Festival). They are strictly followed in rural areas by the older generations, but the younger generations and people in urban areas may not know them.
- Some Chinese people believe that they mustn't do cleaning and wash their hair in the first three days as that will sweep/wash away good luck.
- A cry of a child is believed to bring bad luck to the family, so the young are placated fastidiously.
- To ask for a loan is a big "no-no".
- Another interesting thing is the red underwear. You will see red underwear sold at supermarkets and street markets. Red is believed to ward off bad luck and misfortune. For the people born in a year of the goat (1919, 1931, 1943, 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003), red underwear is a must for 2015.
- To pray in a temple during the Chinese New Year is said to be blessed, and will lead to a smooth coming year. In Shanghai, China's biggest city, thousands flock to Longhua Temple, the city's biggest temple, praying for good fortune. Read more on Things You Cannot Do During Chinese New Year.
Chinese New Year Now — Modern Activities
1.3 Billion People Are on the Move — Traffic Is in Chaos
Packed Guilin Railway StationIt seems the whole nation is on the move during the festival. The festival is the busiest travel season in China, when trains and buses are fully packed. Even flight tickets are hard to get. Chinese people do whatever they can to go home to see their families: buying a ticket from scalpers at several times the price, queuing for three days, fighting for a ticket to stand for more than 20 hours in an over-packed train, or riding a bus with 20 extra passengers on stools down the aisle for 12 hours or more. China's migrant workers are the main force during this migration. They carry large and heavy bags full of their worldly possessions and gifts, traveling generally from China's rich east back to their hometowns.
A Rough Time for Singles — Rent a Fake Boyfriend?Chinese New Year is a joyful time for most, but for singles above the normal matrimonial age it is not so. Parents and relatives think they should be settled down. In China, females are said to be marriageable before 30, and males before 32. Those who don't get married before these ages are thought to be the dregs of society. For these singles, parents are extremely anxious. So New Year's Eve is heighted by embarrassing interrogations of the singles. Parents even arrange dating for their single children. To solve this problem an interesting, and often ridiculous, solution has appeared — renting a boyfriend or girlfriend for the New Year. There are websites and agents specialized in this business. Taobao, China's largest online retailer, has a section for fake boyfriend and girlfriend rentals. The price is about 100 yuan (16 USD) a day.
Sending Lucky Chinese New Year Cell Phone Messages — ‘Three Goats Bring Harmony’Sending cell phone messages has become the main way to greet people on Chinese New Year's Eve. In the past people sent New Year cards or called each other to express their good wishes during the Spring Festival. Now most people use cell phone text messages or WeChat (微信 Wēixìn /way-sshin/) to greet their friends. There are plentiful messages online for people to choose from when New Year is coming. Long or short, these messages are filled with warmth and good wishes. An old favorite greeting for ayear of the Goat is 'three goats bring harmony' (三羊开泰 s开泰onyng k i tti /san yang kigh tigh/). It comes from Taoism. The third month has three yangs (阳 from yin-yang theory), and corresponds to earth-sky (in Eight Trigram theory), meaning harmony. Later the yang (阳) was replaced with the yang (羊) for goat, which sounds the same, giving the saying. Read more on Popular Chinese New Year Greetings.
A Practical Day-by-Day Guide to Chinese Spring Festival 2016If you are in China during 2015’s Chinese New Year period, the following table might be useful to you. Several pointers are listed, such as when transport is most crowded, when it improves, when there are lots of fireworks, whether banks and government offices are open in this period, when shops re-open, greetings and customs,
|January 23–February 7||Homeward Bound, Cleaning, shopping||Crazy busy||End of year company events; winding down of operations|
|February 8 (New Year's Eve)||Pasting red couplets, hanging red lanterns, the New Year reunion dinner, setting off firecrackers, giving red envelops to kids, staying up late to watch CCTV’s New Year Gala||Better, but local transport can be busy||Most shops close by the afternoon|
|February 9 (New Year’s Day)||At midnight a barrage of fireworks and firecrackers like WW3, more firecrackers in the morning (before opening the door) and early evening (before dinner); visiting neighbors or friends and relatives nearby; giving kids redenvelopes, staying at home to relax or visiting parks||Quiet||No bank or government office is open. Only big shopping malls are open.|
|February 10 (Chinese New Year day 2)||Visiting friends or relatives, firecrackers for greeting guests and before dinner||Quiet||Almost no bank or government office is open. Only big shopping malls are open.|
|February 11 (Chinese New Year day 3)||Visiting friends and relatives in the city or friends and family in nearby villages||Local travel and town and village buses are busy, but travel to other cities and domestic flights are ok.||Some banks and government offices are open, but business is limited and hours are much shorter. Only some big shopping malls are open.|
|February 12–23 (Chinese New Year days 4 and 5)||The statutory holiday period is over. Some people will keep visiting friends and relatives; some will go back to work.||Very busy||Most banks and government offices will be open, but business is limited and hours are shorter. Most shops will be open.|
|February 14 (New Year day 6)||For most it’s the first day back at work.||Very busy||Almost all shops, companies, and offices will reopen on this day, because 6 is a lucky number in Chinese culture.|
|February 15 – March 5 (New Year days 7–15)||Return travel; Lantern Festival is on the 5th||Crazy busy||Some businesses may choose the 8th (February 16) to reopen, as 8 is also a lucky number. The non-superstitious may reopen on the 25th|