爱思英语编者按:再见了英语恐惧症:如何克服开口说英语的恐惧? Sometimes when we are learning a new language it can be really frightening to start speaking it with other people. We may have a good vocabulary and grammar base but speaking is the aspect that we most need to practise. 在学习一门新的语言时,有时候我们会很害怕跟其他人开口说出这门语言。我们也许词汇量和语法基础都很好,但是英语口语则需要多多练习。 Overcoming this fear of speaking our new language is extremely important as it will help us gain confidence in ourselves and will show others that they can speak to us in their native language. 克服说外语的恐惧极其重要,因为它会帮助我们树立信心,并且可以向外国人表明:他们可以跟我们用母语进行交流。 Today let’s look at a few great tips that can help you overcome your fear of speaking English or a different language to other people: 今天让我们来看看几个非常棒的建议,来帮助你克服和别人说英语或其它外语的恐惧: 1.Accept that you are going to make mistakes and learn from them 你会犯错——接受这一点。并且在错误中学习和成长。 People make mistakes all the time, especially when speaking a new language. Don’t be sad or feel disappointed if you make mistakes; it’s part of the process of improving your speaking. Once you have made a mistake, correct it and carry on. As Albert Einstein said, “Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving”. 人们都会犯错误,尤其是说一门外语的时候。不要因为犯了错误就感到伤心或者失望;犯错误是提升英语口语的必经阶段。犯错误的时候,就马上改正并且继续努力。就像阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦说的,“人生就像骑自行车。如果你想保持平衡,你必须保持前进。”   1.jpg   2. Ask for help 寻求帮助 Once you have started speaking English, don’t be afraid to ask people questions about how to say or pronounce something. Most of the time people will be more than happy to help you if you have any questions. They may not be so happy if you ask them grammar questions as they may not know the answers themselves but I’m sure there will be no problem with vocabulary and pronunciation questions! 在你开始说英语后,不要害怕问别人某句话怎么说、或者某个单词怎么发音。大部分情况下,你问别人问题他们会感到很高兴。但如果你问语法问题他们(外国人)可能就不高兴了,因为可能他们自己都不太清楚语法。不我能肯定,如果你问他们词汇或者发音问题那是绝对可以的。 3. Learn some survival phrases or sentences 学习一些生存应急的短语或句子 It’s a great idea to learn some set phrases or answers for certain questions in English. For example, if you don’t understand what someone says to you, say things like “I’m sorry, could you repeat that?” or “I’m sorry, I didn’t understand what you said”, phrases you have already memorised. This is a great way of being honest with yourself and also learning how to react to situations or questions which may take you by surprise. 学习一些英语固定词组、或者某个问题的特定回答方式,这很好。比如,如果你不懂别人在对你说什么,你说一些背下来的句子:“抱歉,你可以重复一遍吗?”或者“抱歉,我没有理解你刚才说的内容。”这是一种实事求是的态度,而且通过这种方式你也可以学到怎么面对一些你意想不到的情况或者问题。 4. Don’t be shy! 不要害羞! One of non-native speakers’ biggest problems is being too shy to speak. This can be the biggest hurdle for a lot of people. Be aware though that most people speak more than one language and know how difficult it is to learn a new one. Also, most people really don’t even notice if you say something wrong or if you are too shy; most of the time we have false perceptions of what others may think when really nothing could be further from the truth. 非母语口语者最大的问题是因为害羞而不敢开口。这是大多数人所面临的最大的障碍。你要意识到大多数人不止说一种语言、而且学一门外语真的很难。还有,在你说错话或者很害羞的时候、大部分人都不会注意到的;很多时候我们会误认为别人对我们有看法,然而事实并非如此。 5. Enjoy yourself! 享受说外语! You are learning another language for a reason so go ahead, have fun, make mistakes and even invent new words! It’s all part of the process. 你肯学一门外语那肯定是有原因的,所以别多想只管好好学吧!尽情享受、尽情犯错,甚至尽情去创造新词!因为这些都是学外语的必经过程。